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Yaaree Sort of ‘Telecom’ Category

Sep
06

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Many men lost their jobs when technology made them obsolete. The new jobs available were soul-crushing, undignified, and required an arduous commute—and that’s assuming companies would hire them. Most employers wouldn’t, because the men were considered too old and unskilled for the new work. And then a false prophet with messy hair emerged, promising to give power back to workers and decried the indignity of what work had become.

Sounds familiar? I’m not describing the current economy, but 19th century England during the industrial revolution. Back then, technology also radically altered how humans worked. It upset men’s place in society. And it makes what’s happening today seem tame.

Few things are considered more manly than providing for and protecting your family. So it’s no wonder that so many men in developed countries are in a crisis, with technology cited as the reason for rising populism and discontent.

The way in which society defines masculinity is often tied to work and technology is changing the nature of work as we know it. Smart machines and robots can do tasks that once only humans could do. And in the sectors where this is happening fastest—like manufacturing—many of the job casualties are the kinds of jobs traditionally held by men.

Labor force participation among men age 25 to 55 fell 3.5 percentage points between 1994 and 2014 in the US, and is expected to fall further in the next 10 years. A sole male breadwinner is no longer possible for many households. And for men with jobs, the work is changing. The figure below shows where men are working these days, derived from the US Census Bureau’s Current Population Survey. 1

Not only are the types of jobs changing, but those lucky enough to have them aren’t getting the pay raises like they used to. Median male wageshaven’t increased since the 1970s, and are falling in many of the occupations—construction, transportation, and manufacturing, for example—that employ more men.

But these trends are not so new. They may even indicate a return to more traditional work. For thousands of years, men worked the farm or in artisan labor. People worked hard, but most worked from home and set their own hours. According to Joel Mokyr, an economic historian at Northwestern University, it is hard to overstate how traumatic it was as workers shifted from home production to factories.

Mokyr, whose forthcoming book, A Culture of Growth, describes the industrial revolution’s intellectual origins, explains that factory work was traumatic for men because it required showing up at a particular time, staying a full day, and taking orders from another man. Men frequently had such a hard time giving up their autonomy and dealing with a boss that factories originally employed women and children because they were more docile.

A generation of men lost work and many never found another job. Traditional artisans couldn’t deal with factory work and there were fewer jobs because machines were more productive. It was a messy transition that played out over more than 100 years and sparked Marxism. Factory owners took proactive steps to make it work. They set up schools for children and made education available to the masses. But their intention was not to increase literacy. The schools existed largely to condition the next generation to work a full day and take orders.

Sons of displaced artisans eventually adapted to the new version of employment, and women were shoved out the labor force. The men took jobs inconceivable in their fathers’ era, on railroads or telegraphs. By the 20th century, working a union job at a factory was not only acceptable, it became a standard for how men took care of their families. Today, lifelong employment under a paternalistic employer is more rare. And because we still associate those things with a good job, Americans predict a bleak future for their children.

It may take another generation for men to find their place, but a recentOECD report predicts humanity in general will continue to thrive. And while uncertainty makes most people nervous, Mokyr sounds giddy in describing the jobs of the future:

We know they are coming and… they will bring a great deal opportunity and a great deal of misery. Progress is not cost free. Stagnation is worse… We can’t even imagine what new jobs will be. Your great-grandmother in 1914 probably couldn’t imagine what a cyber security expert was.

Harvard’s Larry Katz foresees a return to artisanal employment for the middle class, where good jobs combine technology and interpersonal skills to deliver specialized, high-quality services. Mokyr anticipates future work will be more entrepreneurial, too. It may be common to hold multiple jobs and telecommute a few days a week. He predicts time will be less scheduled and workers will have more autonomy, though they’ll also face more risk and less job security.

New technology may not be the end of men; it may just hasten a return to a pre-industrial version of masculinity, of sorts.

Humans are now accustomed to stability and higher living standards. To ease the transition, we need new institutions and a better safety net for the generation caught in the transition. And most importantly, we need an education system that does what employers once did. In the 19th century, employers trained workers for the new economy and set up schools. They replaced the apprenticeships that existed before factories. Today’s employers tend not to offer much training; they avoid investing in workers who might leave them.

Trying to bring back the old economy only prolongs the painful transition we are experiencing today. Instead of romanticizing the past, the conversation should be about the best way to educate the workforce and keep skills fresh so that modern men thrive as we redefine work.

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Sep
06

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Bharti Airtel’s revenue is going to take a big hit.

India’s largest telecom operator could see its revenue growth halve in the next two years, thanks to intense competition from Mukesh Ambani’s telecom “startup” Reliance Jio, according to a new report byS&P Global Ratings.

On Sept. 01, Ambani, India’s richest man, launched a massive disruptionin the country’s $50-billion telecom market. His ambitious plan offers free calls across the country and the cheapest data rates in Asia’s third-largest economy through Reliance Jio. What’s more, his company is also offering all calling, messaging, and data services for free until Dec. 31 to encourage customers to switch operators.

“We expect Bharti Airtel’s operating performance to weaken because of competitive data tariffs and free voice calls,” S&P said, adding that it expects revenue growth for the company’s domestic business to decline to below 5% during the fiscal year ending March 31, 2018 and 2019, from 10% in fiscal 2016.

But S&P has left its rating on the telecom company unchanged. It said Bharti Airtel was likely to weather the storm, benefiting from its massive customer base and advantage in 4G technology, having launched the service first across several parts of the country in the last few years.

“We believe Bharti Airtel is best positioned among the incumbent players in India to compete with Reliance Industries, and it should be able to maintain its strong market position,” S&P said.

Bharti Airtel has over 250 million customers across India. In comparison, Reliance Jio has between 1.5 million and two million, according to the report.

In the days leading up to the launch, Airtel, along with other operators, had lodged a complaint with the Telecom Authority of India (TRAI), the country’s telecom regulator, saying Jio was providing full-fledged internet services to customers under its trial plan.

Meanwhile, investors, too, have been pretty harsh on telecom firms. Even as Ambani was announcing his ambitious Jio plans last week, shares of Airtel lost over 8% in value and those of Idea’s fell as much as 7%.

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Aug
01

Brussels, 1 August 2016. Tomorrow, telecom regulators from all over the EU will gather in Brussels for a uniquely challenging task: analysing over half a million responses to their consultation on net neutrality.

Meanwhile, telecom companies are maintaining their attacks on the open internet – this time by pushing to delete paragraphs regarding free speech from net neutrality rules. This move comes after several associations of journalists expressed their concern that net neutrality violations are a threat to online expression and media pluralism. They argue that strong net neutrality rules (including a clear ban on zero-rating) are needed to ensure everybody has an equal opportunity to be heard online.

BEREC, the Body of European Regulators of Electronic Communications, is on a tight schedule. They must publish new rules on net neutrality by 30 August, which leaves them precious little time to process the hundreds of thousands of responses.

This race against the clock has started as BEREC has to carefully take into account more then 500,000 comments from the the public calling for clear net neutrality

, said Thomas Lohninger, net neutrality activist at SaveTheInternet.eu.

The unprecedented number of responses demonstrate the public’s interest for the delivery of unequivocal guidelines protecting net neutrality. Now, the whole world is watching: it may be the most important decision BEREC ever makes

, said Estelle Massé, Senior Policy Analyst at Access Now, member of SaveTheInternet.eu.

BEREC has had to endure increasingly bizarre and aggressive attacks on its role, its expertise and its analysis from big telecoms operators seeking new internet monopolies,

said Joe McNamee, Executive Director of European Digital Rights (EDRi).

The regulators should not be deflected from their hugely important task,

he added.

Background

Net neutrality is the principle that internet traffic must be treated equally. It protects internet users and online services from interference and discrimination by the telecom operators who own internet infrastructure. At stake are basic, fundamental principles: will the Internet remain a vibrant level playing field for business, culture and political speech? Or will regulators let powerful telecom companies put most websites in a “slow lane”, while wealthy corporations pay for special treatment?

In addition to overwhelming public support, the net neutrality movement has also attracted support from a broad range of experts and professionals. 120 entrepreneurs and investors signed an open letter in favour of strong, innovation-friendly net neutrality rules. The scientific community has also joined the fray, with a statement from 126 academic researchers.

One especially prominent proponent is Tim Berners-Lee, the inventor of the World Wide Web, who wrote a joint statement with legal experts Barbara van Schewick (Stanford) and Lawrence Lessig (Harvard) stating that net neutrality is ‘essential to preserve the open Internet as a driver for economic growth and social progress’ and urged regulators to ‘not cave in to telecommunications carriers’ manipulative tactics’.

The telecommunications industry is the main adversary to this broad coalition. This summer, they launched a full-frontal attack on net neutrality in their ‘5G manifesto’, which calls on the EU to water down its net neutrality rules in exchange for investment in new 5G network technologies. More recently, the consultation response from telecom industry associations ETNO and GSMA, published on 19 July, provoked outrage by demanding an almost complete repeal of net neutrality rules including the deletion of all references to the freedom of expression and media pluralism.

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May
26

ufoneIt will also be interesting to see that how other operators are going to respond to Ufone’s 3G Packages. Given the track record, Zong’s 3G Packages are what we are waiting for in real (ahh but they haven’t even started the trial services yet).

Now let’s go straight to have a look at Ufone 3G Packages: Continue Reading…

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Apr
28

Ufone-3G-packageUfone has started its test run for 3G technology in various cities and even the price of Ufone 3G packages for internet that will be launched by Ufone have been leaked. These packages are not valid until Ufone acquires a license from Pakistan telecommunication Authority (PTA) by paying for 3G license fee of 5MHz spectrum. Here are 2 alleged prices of different 3G packages that are making rounds on internet. Continue Reading…

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Apr
28

3g-free-linkTELENOR is the international cellular network which is properly working in Pakistan. 3G and 4G network Auctioning in Pakistan was  held on 23rd April 2014.Before this Auctioning schedule was going to be held  on 17th April 2014.Today meeting about Auctioning of 3g and 4g network was attended by Senior officials of IT and Finance. Continue Reading…

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Apr
26

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 KARACHI:In a move that will certainly take everyone by surprise, Warid Telecom – the only cellular service provider in the country that refrained from participating in the April 23 spectrum auction – is gearing up to launch Long-Term Evolution (LTE) or 4G services in top five cities by end of May, The Express Tribune has learned.
Continue Reading…

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